Small Group Communication


Leader– somebody who guides or directs others.

A discussion leader is a symbol of equality and diplomacy who assist the discussion group to work toward a solution of their problems without directing or controlling their thinking.

He must make advance preparation by studying the topic open-mindedly.

Abilities of a Leader

ü  Express himself clearly and concisely

ü  Respond to various reaction from participants and handle sensitive situations with tact  and diplomacy

ü  Ease tension and enliven the discussion

ü  Plan the proceedings

ü  Perceive relationships in order to lead the discussion to a purposeful end

ü  Summarize the proceedings accurately


Participants-somebody who takes part in something.

The specific topic or issue  and the purpose of the small group discussion determine who should attend the meeting and  whether homogeneous or heterogeneous groupings is to be formed.

Consideration in choosing a participants

ü  Knowledge about the topic or subject matter for discussion.

ü  Commitment toward the achievement of the group objective.

ü  Manner of attendance: voluntary or required

ü  Involvement in the profession.

ü  Attitudes towards the issues or topics to be discussed.

ü  Interpersonal relationship among the participants

Chosen participants should:

  • Prepare for the meeting
  • Participate effectively
  • Observe time limits
  • Be courteous
  • Think , feel and talk in terms of group welfare


Interaction in small group discussion is a dynamic, spontaneous and a continuous process where each participant acts both as listener and speaker.

Obtaining Facts


  • something that can be shown to be true, to exist, or to have happened.
  • the truth or actual existence of something, as opposed to the supposition of something or a belief about something.

The Outline

  1. Introduce the topic for discussion
  2. Identify the elements of the topic required by the group
  3. Explore the specific area for discussion
  4. Conclude the discussion

Solving a problem and making decision

SOLVING A PROBLEM– to find a way of dealing successfully with a problem or difficulty

MAKING A DECISION– the process of making choices or reaching conclusions, especially on important political or business matters


  1. Define the problem
  2. Analyze the problem
  3. Find solution to the problem
  4. Evaluate the suggested solution
  5. Put the solution into action

Physical setting formats for small group communication

Types of small groups

Closed or Private- only the participating members are present.

Open or Public- seen and heard by a public audience who may or may not participate in the discussion

Seating arrangement of participants

  1. Face-off
  2. Leadman
  3. Altogether
  4. Face the audience


The face-off type of seating arrangement places the members face-to-face with each other


The leadman seating arrangement places an individual at the lead and at front of the table


Is good visual contact among the members and their position gives them feeling of equality among each other.

Face the audience

The discussion participants face and speak to audience more to each other

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